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What is the internet? | Uses & History of internet

history of internet

One of the discoveries of science is the Internet. Which is playing a very important role in the development of human civilization. The global communication system has improved a lot and the Internet has contributed to this. In less than 20 years, it has spread to about 210 different countries. Not only the developed countries but also the poor countries have come under the Internet.

According to statista.com, Almost 4.57 billion people were active internet users as of July 2020, encompassing 59 percent of the global population.

While global internet access is increasing steadily, connection quality is superior in countries with developed infrastructures. As of 2020, Singapore has the fastest average fixed broadband internet speed worldwide, whereas South Korea has the fastest average mobile speed. Mobile internet has become increasingly widespread and popular over the past few years, as smartphones are more readily available and affordable than ever.

Mobile has now become the most important channel for internet access worldwide as mobile internet users account for 91 percent of total internet users.

Many people do not know what the Internet is? So today we will briefly discuss this widely used internet.

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What is the internet?

The Internet is an acronym for Interconnected Network. It is formed by connecting computer networks to each other through special gateways or routers.

The Internet is the sum total of many interconnected computer networks around the world. Which is open to the public and where data is exchanged through an authentic system called IP or Internet Protocol. It is worth mentioning here that although many people consider the Internet and the World Wide Web as synonyms, in reality, the two words indicate different things.

History of internet

The Internet originated from a research project by the US Department of Defense called ‘DARPA’.

It was then called ARPANET, and on January 14, 1969, the first network connection was established between the University of California, Los Angeles, and the Stanford Research Institute. The first international network connection was established on July 25, 1973, with ARPANET communication with the United States at University College London.

In 1973, Bob Kahn and Vint Cerf of ARPANET first developed the Transmission Control Protocol and the Internet Protocol – called TCP/IP. This became the universal language of the Internet in the 1980s. The first TCP/IP test was held in 1975 between Stanford University and University College London. Two years later, TCPIP communications were tested between three networks in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Norway.

The Internet was opened to the public in 1979 by the ISP. From the mid-1990s to the late 1990’s, the Internet became widespread in the West.

On September 22, 1992, the Internet system was launched across Europe in the form of NSFNet – called EBONE. On April 22, 1993, the first web browser, called Mosaic, was launched on the Windows operating system.

Between 1995 and 2005, NSFNet and EBONE were shut down and replaced by interconnected commercial Internet service providers. Then slowly this internet spread all over the world.

Uses of internet

Internet usage is increasing day by day. At present it is not limited to research or government activities. The Internet is now open to people from all walks of life. The Internet is used as a medium for any type of business communication or advertising. Such institutions cannot be found in the countries of the developed world. Which is not connected to the internet.

Internet usage:

Information Exchange: The Internet is currently used as one of the means of information exchange. E-mail can instantly exchange information from one end of the world to the other at minimal cost. The Internet is used as an alternative to telephone and fax.

Information Gathering: The current trend on the Internet is to keep current information on any subject in the world. Users can display the required information on the computer screen by browsing or save or print it on their own computer. If you want to get information on any topic, you can take the help of search engine.

In the field of education: Nowadays, the Internet has become an ocean of knowledge. Knowledge can be acquired by retrieving any necessary educational information from the internet. Books can be studied online from any library or online. Currently (covid-19) online classes are being taken in all school colleges.

Online Media: Nowadays newspapers are published online as well as on paper. Recently, online broadcasting is also being heard. There are also opportunities to watch various televisions online.

Entertainment: The Internet is playing an important role in entertainment. Many people nowadays receive entertainment from online radio, television, magazines, etc.

Commercial: The Internet is playing an important role in the expansion of business. The Internet, on the one hand, is being used as a means of business communication, and on the other hand, it is being used extensively for marketing and advertising products. An advertisement on a web page can be spread all over the world in an instant.

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